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Historical Figure
Henry de Bourbon
History's Henry de Bourbon
Biographical Information
Real Name: Henry de Bourbon
Title: King of France

King Henry IV

Reign: 2 August 1589 – 14 May 1610
Coronation: 27 February 1594
Predecessor: King Henry III
Successor: King Louis XIII
Born: 13 December 1553
Death: 14 May 1610
Age: 56
Religion: Roman Catholicism
House: House of Bourbon
Gender: Male Male
Originally From: Pau, Kingdom of Navarre
Parents: King Antoine (Father)

Queen Jeanne (Mother)

Wife: Princess Margaret

Marie de' Medici

Family: Catherine de Bourbon (Sister)

Louis Condé (Uncle)
King Francis II (3rd Cousin)
King Charles IX (3rd Cousin)
King Henry III (3rd Cousin)

Children: Prince César (Son)

Princess Catherine (Daughter)
Louis XIII of France (Son)
Queen Elisabeth of Spain
Princess Christine (Daughter)
Nicolas Henri de France (Son)
Gaston, Duke of Orléans (Son)
Queen Henrietta Maria of England (Daughter)

Affiliations: House of Bourbon
TV Character Information
First appearance: The Price
Portrays: Henry de Bourbon


Henry de Bourbon was the oldest surviving child to King Antoine and Queen Jeanne, and became the future King of France.

LifeEdit

Henry de Bourbon, also known as "Good King Henry", was King of Navarre from 1572 to 1610 and King of France from 1589 to 1610. He was the first French monarch of the House of Bourbon.

Baptised as a Catholic but raised in the Protestant faith by his mother Queen Jeanne d'Albret, Queen of Navarre, he inherited the throne of Navarre in 1572 on the death of his mother. As a Huguenot, Henry was involved in The French Wars of Religion, barely escaping assassination in the St. Bartholomew's Day massacre, and later led Protestant forces against the royal army.

Henry, as Head of the House of Bourbon, was a direct male-line descendant of Louis IX of France, and "first prince of the blood". Upon the death of his brother-in-law and distant cousin King Henry III of France in 1589, Henry was called to the French succession by the Salic law. He initially kept the Protestant faith and had to fight against the Catholic League, which denied that he could wear France's crown as a Protestant, to obtain mastery over his kingdom. After four years of stalemate, he found it prudent to abjure the Calvinist faith. As a pragmatic politician, he displayed an unusual religious tolerance for the era. Notably, he promulgated the Edict of Nantes in 1598, which guaranteed religious liberties to Protestants, thereby effectively ending the Wars of Religion. He was assassinated by François Ravaillac, a fanatical Catholic, and was succeeded by his son Louis XIII.

Considered a usurper by some Catholics and a traitor by some Protestants, Henry became target of at least 12 assassination attempts. An unpopular king immediately after his accession, Henry's popularity greatly improved after his death, in light of repeated victories over his enemies and his conversion to Catholicism. The "Good King Henry" was remembered for his geniality and his great concern about the welfare of his subjects.

NotesEdit

Family TreeEdit

   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Charles, Duke of Vendôme
   
   
Françoise d'Alençon
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Marie de Bourbon
   
   
King Antoine
   
   
Queen Jeanne
   
   
François de Bourbon
   
   
Charles de Bourbon
   
   
John de Bourbon
   
   
Eléanor de Roucy de Roye
   
   
   
   
   
   
Louis Condé
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
King Henry IV of France
   
   
Catherine de Bourbon
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Henri de Bourbon
   
   
François de Bourbo
   
   
Charles de Bourbon
   
   
Charles de Bourbon

Related PagesEdit


Historical Figure

Pages: Historical Events | Historical References | Historical Timeline |
Kings: King Antoine of Navarre | King Edward of England | King Henry II of France | King Henry VIII of England |
King James V of Scotland | King Francis I of France | King Francis II of France | King Charles IX of France |
King Philip II of Spain |
Queens: Queen Catherine of France | Queen Mary of Scotland | Queen Anne of England | Queen Elizabeth of England | Queen Jane of England | Queen Mary of England | Queen Jeanne of Navarre | Queen Elisabeth of Spain |
Princes: Prince of the Blood, Louis Condé | Price Don Carlos of Spain | Price Henry of France | Prince Henry de Bourbon | Duke Francis of France |
Princesses: Princess Claude of France | Catherine of Aragon | Princess Catherine de Bourbon |
Lords: Robert Dudley | William Cecil | Henry Darnley | Matthew Lennox |
Ladies: Amy Dudley | Mary Boleyn | Mary Fleming | Margaret Lennox |
Nobles: Diane de Poitiers | James Stuart | Marie de Guise |
Others: Nostradamus | John Knox | Pope Clement VII |

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